Fuchsia ampelnaya - description of varieties, cultivation and care at home
- Fuchsia ampelous: features of growing and care at home
- Fuchsia ampelous - planting and care on the street
- How to shape fuchsia
- The most common varieties
In its homeland, in America, New Zealand, Tahiti, fuchsia is an evergreen shrub or tree with bell flowers. More than a hundred of its varieties naturally grow in nature.
Fuchsia ampelous: features of growing and care at home
As a pot culture, the flower has become widespread in Europe since the end of the 18th century. The flowering bush was the pride of the wealthy townspeople. According to the description of contemporaries, the palace of Marie-Antoinette of France, due to the number of fuchsias, resembled a greenhouse.
Modern hybrid fuchsia varieties, due to the plasticity of the branches and the variety of colors, are universal. Depending on the varietal characteristics, they can be used for landscaping at home, office, garden.
The flower needs a nutritious, but light soil. To do this, you can add to the usual one intended for flowering plants:
- coco soil (coconut substrate).
Fuchsia loves good lighting, but gets burned on the leaves when exposed to direct sunlight. It is better to place it near windows that are lit before lunch or late in the evening. If it is not possible to provide the plant with natural light, fluorescent lamps can be used for illumination. Lack of light contributes to the elongation of the shoots, in addition, the plant may not bloom.
In summer, fuchsia feels good at temperatures no higher than 20-23 ° C. The plant does not tolerate heat well, therefore, with the onset of a warm period, it is recommended to take it outside.
Fuchsia blooms well in the warm season on the balcony, the main thing is to provide shading at midday. Blown by the wind, it tolerates heat better. The flower can remain outside until frost. Conditions for good wintering are temperatures from 3 to 100 ° C and, if possible, backlighting. Then the plant will stop growing, will not pull out shoots. Fuchsia, properly preserved in winter, blooms earlier.
The plant is hygrophilous, frequent spraying and washing is necessary, as well as regular watering. In summer, to humidify the air, an additional container with water is placed nearby. In case of insufficient moisture, the plant can shed flowers. Spray and water the plant on the balcony or loggia in the evening or early morning.
In the warm season, the plant is watered abundantly, it is especially important to monitor the humidity during the budding period.
With the onset of winter, watering is gradually reduced to a minimum, the main thing is to prevent drying out.
Water for irrigation and spraying should be either settled or rainwater, always at room temperature.
Fuchsia ampelous - planting and care on the street
The evenly flowing shoots of the plant, at the peak of flowering, turn into a flower mini-waterfall. But for this you need to create suitable conditions for them.
The flower is grown using seeds and rooting cuttings.
The first method is used, as a rule, by breeders to obtain new varieties. It is painstaking and laborious; moreover, it does not guarantee to obtain a variety with maternal characteristics.
For amateur gardeners, propagation of the variety you like by cuttings is preferable. It is enough to place the remaining parts of the shoots (15-20 cm) after the pinching in water for 10-14 days. After the cutting takes root, it can be planted in a permanent place. To quickly get a dense bush, you can plant several cuttings in a pots. Good root formation requires moderate temperatures up to 20-23 ° C and regular watering.
Seedlings received by mail or bought in a store are transplanted by the transshipment method from a container to a container, with a mandatory drainage layer and filled with soil.
For the well-being of fuchsia, you must:
- place it in an area protected from drafts and wind;
- the place for growing must be selected, avoiding the south side;
- provide the plant with a neutral pH of the soil;
- use water-permeable, lightweight soil for planting;
- feed regularly, every 2-3 weeks - this will make the flowering longer and more generous.
In summer, the bush needs frequent watering; it is also recommended to moisten the aerial part with a sprayer. You need to focus on the drying soil around the roots of the plant, excess moisture can harm them.
How to shape fuchsia
To get a dense, branched bush, the flower is pinched as it grows. The first pinching is done after the cutting has taken root. Pinch (remove) the upper part of the shoot, thus stimulating lateral buds to grow and bloom.
The shoots that have grown out of them are also pinched, leaving 2-3 nodes for branching. Thus, a lush plant can be formed in 3-4 pinching. Shoots growing from the ground are also cut off.
The pinch for the plant plays the role of a formative and rejuvenating pruning, does not allow the stems to be exposed.
Shoots of ampelous and varieties in the spring are shortened by a third of the length. It is important that the branches of the flower are the same on all sides. Then, during the flowering period, the bush will be harmonious, uniform. In an adult plant, pinch every 3-4 internodes.
Fuchsia is a plastic plant, it grows quickly, a stem can be formed from bush and ampel varieties.
The grown stalk is tied to a support in several places. The lower leaves and branches on the future trunk are removed, leaving 3-4 pairs of leaves at the crown. The top is pinched after the plant reaches the desired height. After that, the stage of crown formation begins, pinching the shoots through 2 - 3 internodes. Over time, the fuchsia trunk lignifies, the crown branches.
A thicker stem can be obtained by weaving 2-3 shoots of one plant.
Fuchsia blooms on young shoots. The shorter the pinching (1-3 buds), the better the young shoots develop.
The most common varieties
Many modern varieties are characterized by vibrant color combinations.
Fuchsia Blue Vale
This is a versatile variety, it can be grown both as a bush form and as an ampel. Snow-white sepals of double, large flowers have a green tint along the edge. The skirt of the flower is lush, lavender.
Long-lasting flowering, very abundant.
Fuchsia Bella Rosella
The plant has one of the largest flowers (10-12 cm). They are terry, bright, lilac-pink with snow-white stamens and pale pink sepals. Abundant flowering, long lasting.
Fuchsia Bella Rosella has an ampelous and bush form.It is unpretentious, can grow in shade.
Fuchsia Blue Angel
Blue Angel is a sophisticated, memorable fuchsia. Flower size up to 12 cm in diameter. The corolla (skirt) of the flower is terry, dark lilac in color, the sepals are white. In full dissolution, white stamens with pink anthers become a spectacular accent. Semi-ampelous bush (drooping).
Fuchsia Hollis Beauty
The flowers are large (7-8 cm), double, the sepals are white, the skirt is lilac-blue. The bush grows very neatly, has a compact shape, branches well. The variety tolerates heat and bright sun better than other fuchsias.
The flower is elegant, contrasting, sepals of white-green color set off a purple-pink skirt. Particularly good at full dissolution. Pink elongated stamens set off milky white anthers.
Fuchsia Blue Ice
The plant was obtained as a result of the starting mutation of the Dark Eyes cultivar in 1954 in the United States of America. Large, double flowers are distinguished by a characteristic arrangement of petals. They resemble a layered petticoat. The color of the petals is dense lavender, the sepals are light crimson. Interestingly, in plants of this variety, flower petals can vary in color intensity. The variety is undemanding, it is grown in bush and ampelous forms. Grows quickly, restraining pruning is recommended to form a dense crown. Feels good in partial shade.
Fuchsia ampelous Bicentennial is painted in salmon orange tones. The characteristic magenta strokes along the edge of the multi-layered skirt create an extraordinary color contrast. The flowers are elongated, rather large, in the form of buds. Light sepals turn bright orange over time.
The variety was bred by Californian gardener Ted Paskesen in 1976 and is dedicated to the 200th anniversary of US independence. Pasquesen carried out a long selection work to obtain a variety that is resistant to heat and strong winds.
The plant forms a dense, branching crown, blooms profusely.
Fuchsia Blue Mirage
The plant can be grown as a semi-ampelous plant, in the form of a drooping bush and in hanging containers.
The blue mirage is a large-flowered variety that blooms with deep purple flowers with snow-white sepals. The length of the shoots in the variety is up to 40 cm. Early flowering, abundant, long-lasting. Double flowers, large.
The leaves are medium in size, the stems lignify quickly, so the variety is easy to grow in standard form. The variety is fast growing, winters well. Suitable for growing novice gardeners.
Flowers are large, double, have a bright, unusual combination of shades. The wavy, layered petals are lavender blue and the sepals are deep pink. Fuchsia of the Cecile variety is grown in bush and ampel form.
The unique purple-pink color has become the hallmark of the flower, it is not for nothing that one of the first synthetic dyes, fuchsin, got its name.
The ships of the Japanese company ONE (Ocean Network Express), which is engaged in container shipping, cannot be confused with others. Their signature color is fuchsia.
No less "glamorous" pleasure catamaran "Fuchsia" runs along the Moskva River.
Taking care of fuchsia is easy. If you create optimal conditions for the plant, elegant lantern flowers will create a bright mood for many years.