Apple tree Papirovka - description and characteristics of the variety
- Apple tree Folding: description
- Planting an apple tree Papirovka
- Features of the variety
- Variants and subspecies
- Features of growing varieties in different regions
Apple tree Papirovka is considered a well-known variety that is popular among many gardeners. This crop is characterized by high yield parameters and excellent taste of the fruit. In order for a plant to grow successfully, it needs to be carefully cared for.
Apple tree Folding: description
According to the description, the Papirovka apple tree is considered a summer variety. It is characterized by tasty fruits and excellent yield parameters.
Description of the fruits of the variety
Most of this apple variety has medium-sized fruits that have a rounded-conical shape. As a rule, they are distinguished by pronounced wide ribs. At the same time, apples have a non-uniform shape. Large fruits often appear triangular.
The fruits are greenish-yellow in color. They have no red blush. At the stage of removable maturity, the fruit has a white coating. The rind is quite fragrant and smooth. In a state of full maturity, the skin acquires a pale white color.
Inside there is a loose, tender white flesh. It is coarse and juicy enough.
Features of the variety
The tree has a triangular crown, which becomes round over time. Shoots are small in size and covered with a pronounced edge.
The leaves are medium in size, gray-green in color and oval in shape. In this case, the plates are heavily covered with fluff, and the tip of the leaf is raised. The flowers have a pink tint and are great for attracting insects for pollination.
The fruits are small in size. Their weight does not exceed 100 g. Apples are characterized by a round shape. However, sometimes you can also find fruits in the form of a cone. Ribbing is clearly expressed on them.
Apple variety Papirovka has many advantages:
- The fruits ripen quite early. By the end of July, you can taste the first apples. They can be eaten fresh or used to make juice.
- The variety is considered to be high yielding. From 1 apple tree it is possible to get up to 50 kg of fruits. Ripe fruit sticks well to the branches. They do not fall before time.
- The apple tree of this variety is distinguished by its early maturity. She begins to produce crops 3-5 years after planting. This makes the culture very popular with gardeners.
Cons of the Papirovka variety
At the same time, culture has a number of disadvantages:
- Despite the early maturity, apples do not have a long shelf life. They can stay in the refrigerator for 1 month. After which the fruits lose their taste.
- Folding can hardly endure the change of climatic conditions. Therefore, it is difficult to grow it in regions where there are severe frosts in winter.
- Apple trees are distinguished by their annual fruiting. However, over time, this figure falls.
Planting an apple tree Papirovka
The apple tree of this variety is sensitive to growing conditions. Therefore, you should choose a place for it very carefully. It is best to find an open sunny area for the tree, which is as close as possible to the rest of the apple trees. Trees should be placed at a distance of 4-5 m from each other.
A hole must be dug 1 week before planting. Its depth should be 90 cm. Fertilizer should be placed on the bottom. It should include 1 kg of a mineral preparation, 800 g of wood ash and a bucket of humus.
After that, you need to pour the soil from the top layer to the bottom. Before planting, the soil in the recess must be loosened a little and water is poured. These manipulations should be performed from late March to mid-April.
Features of the variety
Before starting to grow a crop, you should familiarize yourself with its main characteristics.
This tree has a standard height. At the same time, immediately after planting, Papirovka grows rapidly. In chernozem soil, an apple tree can reach 8-9 m.In other types of soil, its dimensions do not exceed 4-6 m.
The width of the crown is affected by the shape of the cut It can be different - from 50 cm to 5 m with uncontrolled growth.
Fruiting depends on many factors. Trees 9-12 years old give 14-28 kg of fruit. At an older age, this parameter reaches 79 kg. The maximum performance is 200 kg.
Apples have a delicate taste and excellent juiciness. They have an invigorating sweet and sour taste. If the summer is cold, there can be a lot of acid.
The pulp has a pleasant apple flavor and milky hue. It is rather delicate, has a weak friability and a coarse-grained structure. Overripe apples acquire a mealy structure. According to the tasting assessment, apples of this variety were awarded 6.8-7.9 points.
These apple trees are distinguished by rather high frost resistance parameters. In a severe winter, trees freeze up to a maximum of 12%. Subsequently, they easily endure ordinary winters.
There are no special requirements for pollinators in apple trees. It is important that they bloom at the same time and have a sufficient amount of pollen.
The optimal pollinator varieties include the following:
- Anise striped;
- Grushovka Moscow;
The plant is characterized by good disease resistance. At the same time, in adverse weather conditions, preventive treatment of trees should be carried out.
Variants and subspecies
Folding has many varieties. Each of them has certain features. The variety has become the starting material for other crops. On its basis, the Daughter of Papirovka apple tree was bred, which significantly surpasses the parental culture in many respects.
This plant cannot be called a subspecies of Papirovka. In fact, this is the same variety that was grafted on a semi-dwarf tree. It does not have specific features. It is important to take into account that in the northern regions the tree freezes faster.
In private nurseries, the Amber variety is obtained by combining the Papirovka and Yantar varieties.
This name can be considered a marketing ploy. In fact, this is another name for the familiar variety.
In reality, this variety is called the Daughter of Papirovka.It is a hybrid of Ranetka red and Papirovka.
This name can be considered a publicity stunt. In fact, the Papirovka variety itself is considered summer.
This is a little-known culture, which is often passed off as Papirovka.
Another marketing trick of incompetent salespeople. They are trying to pass off the Uralskoye Nalivnoye variety as a new culture - Red Papirovka.
Inexperienced buyers are often sold the famous Medunitsa variety, passing it off as Honey Papirovka.
Another advertising move. The papier itself has good frost resistance parameters.
Features of growing varieties in different regions
Papirovka can be grown in different regions - in the Moscow region, in the Urals, etc. In this case, it is worth observing certain features.
In this case, it is imperative to whitewash the trunks. This procedure helps protect the trunk from February burns. In autumn, young shoots suffer from attacks of mice, therefore they require protection.
When growing a crop, it is important to provide it with reliable protection against scab and other fungal infections. This helps to increase its yield. The introduction of fertilizers containing microelements is of no small importance.
Apple tree Papirovka is distinguished by high yield parameters and undemanding care. To get a strong and healthy plant, it is important to carry out the planting work correctly. Protecting trees from diseases and pests is also important.