Why do fuchsia leaves curl inward - what to do
- Fuchsia has thrown off all the leaves, and dries, although I water it well, tell me how to save
- Causes of leaf fall
- Determination of the cause by external signs
- Diseases and pests
- Insufficient watering
- Lack of nutrients
- Plant lighting requirements
- Damage to the root system
- Excessive dry air
- Fertilizer overdose reaction
- Care rules during the flowering period
- Plant watering requirements
- In hot weather, fuchsia leaves become lethargic and drooping.
- Signs of the Gulf
- How to save fuchsia after the bay
- How to prevent the problem from reoccurring
Fuchsia is a welcome flower in every home striving for comfort. Sometimes things happen to her that baffle the amateur botanist caring for her. Why do fuchsia leaves curl inward, what should I do? Even an inexperienced owner can solve this problem.
Fuchsia has thrown off all the leaves, and dries, although I water it well, tell me how to save
Such a phenomenon is a signal of an unfavorable situation around the plant. It is difficult to identify the root causes, but it is necessary. In extreme cases, when the plant has died, you need to do the following:
- Burn the earth and the remains of the plant, or, having hermetically packed, throw it into a garbage container.
- Wash and disinfect the pot well.
- Buy new planting material and take precautions during planting.
- Treat the plants in adjacent pots and the soil in them with fungicides (antifungal agents).
Causes of leaf fall
Every florist wondered why fuchsia sheds leaves, what to do? There is no definite answer. Leaf fall can be caused by:
- unfavorably low or high temperature, air humidity;
- drying out of the soil;
- insufficient lighting;
- lack of nutrition or excess fertilizer;
- the age of the leaves.
Determination of the cause by external signs
To unmistakably recognize the causes of all possible fuchsia misfortunes, you don't need to be a scientist or have your own laboratory. By the external characteristics of the lesions, the correct cause can be determined. The following is common:
- Leaves are yellow, dry, falling off. The land is dry. Spraying with water is not carried out. On the underside of the sheet there are cobwebs. A spider mite works.
- Plaque on vegetative organs, ulcers, pustules (voids on the leaves filled with spores), cracking, rot, spotting, growths are the result of the action of fungi, viruses that infect the main tissues of the plant.
- Withering, twisting of the entire leaf into a tube or its edges, the death of part or all of the plant - infection with fungi that infect blood vessels.
Diseases and pests
Why fuchsia withers in a pot is usually to blame for fungal and viral diseases:
- The rot makes the leaves underdeveloped and pale, falling off easily.
- Rust first appears on the underside of the leaf as orange-brown spore spots. Then it goes to the top surface. Fuchsia leaves begin to brown or turn yellow, fall off.
- The botrytis blight fungus identifies itself as a grayish brown mold. Then the flowers become spotty and colorless. The kidneys begin not to open and rot. Leaves and stems wither.
- The verticillium wilt fungus causes the leaves to wilt, curl, discolor, and die.It differs from other mushrooms in that in a mild climate, when the heat has not yet gained momentum, one can suspect its existence when faced with withered or withered specimens.
Fuchsia leaves are falling, what should I do? A prerequisite for flower treatment is steaming the soil and removing the remnants of dead or cut plants of any kind growing in the neighborhood.
When planting fuchsia in the warm season in open ground, everything becomes more complicated. The only currently available way to combat the fungus of verticillium wilting is to warm the soil:
- Dig up the ground.
- Moisten it with water.
- Cover with transparent film and bury the edges.
If there is at least 3 weeks (preferably 5) of bright sun and high temperature, the fungus will die. To reduce the spread of this disease, the affected plants are destroyed, and only resistant species are planted in their place. Silver-plated leaves, droppings, discolored petals are signs of vital activity in tiny thrips. Aphids, whiteflies and other suckers leave similar traces - sticky, stunted leaves, as if tending to curl up into a small ball.
Water plays a critical role in fuchsia life. She is:
- provides the rigidity of the organs and allows you to maintain an upright position;
- delivers nutrients from the roots up the stem;
- participates in photosynthesis to create food and energy.
Signs of water scarcity:
- dry soil;
- tips, edges, whole leaves turn brown, begin to curl up and dry out;
- slow growth.
Lack of nutrients
Fuchsia is sensitive to soil fertility. The influence of the lack of basic microelements affects the growth rate of the plant.
The consequences of a lack of micronutrients are manifested:
- Potassium. Weakening of immunity, underdevelopment of roots, a decrease in the absorption of water and nutrients. Small holes in aging leaves.
- Phosphorus. Weak growth, lack of flowering. Reddening of the leaves.
- Nitrogen. Acceleration of the beginning of flowering. The leaves are pale in color, turn yellow and fall off.
- Iron, manganese. Leaf discoloration, increasing in proportion to the distance from the vessels.
- Calcium. The tendency to curl the leaves with a spoon.
Plant lighting requirements
Fuchsias love intense lighting, but not from direct scorching rays. It is good if the window is covered with adjustable blinds. At moderate temperatures, the flower prefers to be in sunlight. At temperatures around +30 ℃ and above. For him, a shadow is better if there is no way to create light shading. Fuchsias with solid dark flowers withstand higher temperatures than plants with light corolla shades.
Damage to the root system
A plant can lose no more than ¼ of its root system. Root diseases can develop over the years, causing the weakening of the whole organism due to insufficient nutrition, and even its death. Symptoms of malaise are manifested from the side of the severed root. Sparse leaves that begin to wilt and darken over time should suggest damage to the corresponding root.
Causes of injury:
- loosening the soil;
- prolonged or repeated exposure to unfavorable conditions (excess or lack of moisture, fertilizers).
To help a plant through a difficult period can:
- ideal content mode;
- removal of all dying, starting to dry and weakened parts.
Excessive dry air
The dry air of fuchsia is not to my liking. During the spring-autumn period, it is required to create a favorable microclimate around the plant by choosing the appropriate method from the following list:
- Install a humidifier.
- Place a deep container filled with pebbles and water under each flower pot. The pot must be above the water level.
- Place all flowerpots in a common deep tray with water and pebbles as described above. Gaps can be filled with composition-enhancing elements.
- At least once a week, spray the plant with water at room temperature.
In conditions of short daylight hours and low temperatures, fuchsia is kept in relative dryness. The increase in humidity and the amount of heat begins in February.
Fertilizer overdose reaction
Like all plants, fuchsia tends to absorb more nutrients than it needs to keep it alive and in good health. A striking confirmation of this fact is the cracking of the fruits of trees and garden crops as a result of excessive rains.
Excess fertilization can lead to increased growth of vegetative mass with insufficient root development. The consequence will be a shortage of water and nutrition for already existing organs. As a result, the number of colors will decrease dramatically. The leaves will begin to wilt and turn yellow. First, the edges turn brown, and then the entire sheet. Leaves fall off and growth slows down. Taking advantage of the weakening of the body's defenses, diseases and sucking insects attack.
Another effect is the accumulation of water-soluble salts in the soil, which leads to a change in soil pH. Avoiding neutral pH in any direction makes it difficult for the plant to extract food from the soil (including water). A change in the situation destroys beneficial microorganisms in the earth.
Care rules during the flowering period
In order for the fuchsia to bloom, it is pinched and cut off. 6-8 weeks after spring pinches, the bush becomes a true decoration of the room. If you want the plant to be covered with flowers at least all summer, you need to continue to cut off the flowering branches and pinch the young ones. If the old sprouts are not cut, they will simply destroy the aesthetic impact of fuchsia as one of the most exquisite flowers in the world.
The amount of fertilizer applied with the onset of flowering decreases, but does not stop, since large energy costs are required not only for the development of buds, but also for the growth of stems.
Plant watering requirements
The soil in which fuchsia grows must be constantly moist and well-drained. The usual watering regime is once a day until the very decline in vital activity in late autumn. Then, depending on the relative humidity in the room, 2 waterings per month may be sufficient.
If the fuchsia dies in the heat, it is watered 2 times a day, checking the moisture content of the soil by dipping a finger into it. But excess moisture must not be allowed, so as not to cut off the access of the roots to oxygen. It is best to move the plant to a shaded area.
In hot weather, fuchsia leaves become lethargic and drooping.
If this is repeated for several days in a row, and during the night the flower is restored, then the reason for this phenomenon is a lack of moisture, since in the heat the processes of evaporation outstrip the ability of the plant to absorb water. In this case, sprinkling will be salvation. The more often the better.The only condition is to ensure that no leaf burns are formed as a result. This is possible if, after spraying with water, wet foliage is exposed to direct sunlight.
But fungi, of which there are hundreds of varieties, can also cause similar symptoms. They survive both in the Arctic and in the hottest time in the desert. Ideal breeding conditions for them are temperatures 25-30 ℃ above zero with high humidity. Spores of the fungus persist in soil debris for many years. Seeds can also be a source of infection. As a result of seed infection, the plant becomes sick even at low temperatures. The disease spreads upward from the roots, which is why the fuchsia withers.
Signs of the Gulf
Excess water deprives the plant of oxygen between the soil particles. Signs that can mean excess water in the soil:
- brown leaf tips;
- leaves are wilted, brown, but soft;
- yellow leaves and slow growth;
- buds do not open, young and old leaves fall off;
- when the finger is immersed to a depth of 3-5 cm in the ground, an excess of moisture is felt;
- there is water in the pot or tray.
How to save fuchsia after the bay
The safest way is to remove the plant from the pot and:
- Check the roots by cutting off any that are rotten.
- Increase drainage volume.
- Remove all dead and beginning to disappear leaves.
- Pour light soil with normal moisture into the pot.
- Cut off and set to root the stalk in case the drenched specimen dies.
- Place the plant in the shade until recovered.
- Water when the soil is dry to the touch, but do not dry it out.
- Do not apply fertilizers until complete recovery.
- Treat with fungicide to maintain immunity.
Within a week, it will become clear whether the plant has been reanimated.
How to prevent the problem from reoccurring
In order not to face a repetition of the bay, you need:
- probe the soil all the time and water only when it begins to dry out;
- water the plant early in the morning, especially in the heat;
- a wilted, withered plant should never be watered, but sprinkled and shaded;
- do not fertilize in the heat.
As in any business, problems are inevitable in the process of growing fuchsia. But the experience of overcoming them leads to the best result. Adorable fuchsia will definitely decorate a house or a summer cottage.