Room oxygen (oxalis) - home care
- Popular varieties
- Oxalis triangular, or violet oxalis (Oxalis triangularis)
- Caring for sour at home
- Top dressing
- Reproduction methods
- Tubers or bulbs
- Growing problems
- The dormant period at the acid
A fragile guest from a darkened forest, which is registered on the windowsills of amateur flower growers, is called a butterfly, a flower of happiness, sour. It has about 800 species. Room acid does not require complex care, but it will delight you with its decorative effect for more than one year.
The beautifully blooming Oxalis Bowiei stands out for its large pink buds that rise above the leaves on thin stems of 25 cm.
The thermophilic flower with leathery greenish foliage is grown as an outdoor plant in the southern regions.
Multi-colored oxalis (Oxalis versicolor)
It is difficult to confuse Versicolor with other representatives of the Oxalis. It was popularly called "Christmas candy" because of the twisted white petals with a rich red border.
The flowers are like licorice and adorn a little culture. Distinctive features of Versicolor are the brightness of flowering and needle-like leaves.
The South African guest - variegated oxalis, is actively cultivated in indoor conditions, as well as in gardens in southern Russia and in greenhouses.
Ferruginous oxalis (Oxalis adenophylla)
Ferruginous oxalis is characterized by winter hardiness and unpretentiousness. Grown in flower beds as a 10 cm ground cover. Gardeners like an undemanding plant and its decorative properties: silvery-feathery leaves and pinkish-lilac flowers with crimson veins and a speck at the base of the petal.
Oxalis Adenophylla is also called silver shamrock, or Chilean sour. The culture tolerates wintering in the conditions of the average Russian strip. Kislitsa just right for the decoration of borders and alpine slides.
Oxalis triangular, or violet oxalis (Oxalis triangularis)
Room violet oxalis (in Latin Oxalis triangularis) is a herbaceous perennial, belongs to the Sislichnye family. An escapade from the southern regions of America and Africa was named in Russia as a butterfly flower; oxalis is popular with summer residents, thanks to its useful qualities.
The plant is responsible for cleaning the air from toxins, heals and strengthens the body. The flower is placed indoors by those who want to heal faster and stay in good physical shape. Placing a plant in the office on the desktop or in the bedroom will help the owner to understand his vocation correctly.
Violet edible oxalis is suitable for human consumption. It is used for treatment in alternative medicine.
The overseas newcomer has become an adornment of window sills since the last century. The plant strikes with triangular leaves and intense purple color. In addition, on the sheet plates, strokes and spots of a different color are easily distinguished.
Common oxalis (Oxalis Acetosella)
The foliage of Oxalis acetosella is tripartite, in some varieties - with 4 halves.
The sorrel flower is characterized by a circular arrangement of petals on thin shoots, low above the soil and similarity to the wings of butterflies. The stalks are collected in a bush. The abundance of shoots gives splendor. The sorrel of a home flower has a dark green or purple color. Plant height is limited to 30 cm.
Small flowers rise above the foliage. The popular varieties of oxalis ordinary have pale pink, snow-white or lilac buds.
The peak of decorativeness of perennial culture falls in the spring and the arrival of the summer season.
Kislitsa four-leafed is considered a highly decorative culture. In the common people it is called a flower of happiness, a false shamrock.
Florists grow Depp's Oxalis Iron Cross as a pot culture.
A characteristic feature of Depp's sorrel is burgundy spots in the middle of the leaf plate, hence the name of the plant - an iron cross.
The original structure of the leaf plate resembles a clover. Oxalis is used in landscape design. They are ideally suited for cultivation in unprotected soil as a ground cover crop in rocky gardens and carpet flower beds.
Perennial blooms for a long time. The inflorescences have a red-crimson tone. In foggy Albion, they call it the lucky clover.
The herbaceous perennial crop reaches 40 cm in height. Thin creeping shoots release, upon contact with the soil, roots in the leaf nodes, which are slightly pubescent. Composite leaves of Oxalis Corniculata include 3 cordate segments. The length of the petioles is 1-7 cm.
Erect thin peduncles of Rozhkova's sorrel bear from 1 to 5 yellow-golden cup-shaped buds with 5 long petals at the top. The color palette of foliage contains shades of greenish, burgundy, lilac, brown.
Carob oxalis reproduces aggressively, therefore its development is often restrained and fought like a weed.
The height of herbaceous acid with erect thick stems of burgundy color varies in the range of 15-30 cm. The leaves of Oxalis ortgiesii are complex, thin long petioles include 3 leafy parts that resemble a fish tail in shape. Sheets with pubescence and gloss, branched veins, color - green-bluish or green. Leafless peduncles end in yellowish, funnel-shaped flowers with 5 petals.
Caring for sour at home
Which pot to choose
When growing acid wood, home care involves the use of a shallow flowerpot. Ceramics are ideal as they allow air and moisture to pass through. In the absence of ceramic dishes, plastic is used. Regular loosening of the soil under the plant will be required - the material prevents air circulation.
If a flower is transplanted, the pot is chosen each time 3-4 cm larger. Drainage holes are made at the bottom of the container. They use broken brick, perlite, ceramic shards, expanded clay, vermiculite for drainage.
Plants look great in containers in the shape of a circle, a long rectangle or an oval. Several tubers are planted in 1 row. When the bushes grow, they fascinate with their appearance.
Room acid does not need special conditions of detention:
- any window is suitable, except for the northern opening;
- you will definitely need to shade in the summer;
- observe the temperature + 20 ... + 25 ° С in summer, + 12 ... + 18 ° С in the winter season.
Lack of illumination leads to the cessation of flowering, pallor of the leaves and their discharge.
Humidity and watering
Oxalis is characterized by its exactingness to the water regime:
- drying out of the soil and stagnation of moisture are not allowed;
- watered evenly without frills;
- foliage is sprayed twice or thrice weekly in summer and spring.
The leaves like it if drops of soft, settled water collect on them. The main thing is to avoid direct sunlight on a wet plant.
Recharge is applied during the period of intensive development of oxalis: from the middle of the spring season to the onset of autumn, every 2-3 weeks. During the dormant period, the flower is not fed. They use universal flower dressings:
- Flower Paradise and Fertika;
- E-alpha and Florist Micro;
- Meister Agro and BioMaster.
Fertilizer dilution is carried out according to the instructions.
How to transplant
For transplanting, a universal soil is suitable, which is bought in a flower shop. You can prepare the substrate yourself, using in equal proportions:
Drainage is applied. The container is wide enough, several bulbs or tubers are planted at once, so that in the future a lush bush will turn out.
Transplantation is carried out carefully, does not damage the root system - the quality of the manipulation determines the rooting and survival of the flower.
Use step-by-step instructions:
- prepare the soil and a new container in advance;
- pour a 2 cm drainage layer into the dish, then earth;
- pour over oxalis abundantly, remove from the old pot;
- arrange the plant in a new flowerpot;
- fill the voids with soil residues, maintain the same soil level;
- water the seedling and place in a dimly lit place.
Growing sour cherry from seeds
Oxalis propagates by seeds, but this is an unpopular way among gardeners. The planting material is sown on the soil surface. If desired, it fits a mini-greenhouse, where humidity is constantly maintained. Seed shoots wait about 3 weeks. For the grown shoots, you will need a wide container, where several seedlings are placed for splendor.
Separation of the leaf cutting is carried out carefully, it is placed in water, maintaining the temperature + 23 ... + 25 ° C. Root formation occurs throughout the month.
For the germination of the stem cutting, moistened sand is required. To maintain humidity and constant temperature, the acid is covered with a plastic bottle. The rooted shoot is transferred to the prepared soil.
By dividing the roots
When transplanting a flower with a clean pruner or knife, the roots are divided into several parts. Cut sites are treated with activated carbon.
The plot is planted in a separate pot with nutritious soil mixture and drainage.
Tubers or bulbs
The popular methods of reproduction of Oxalis include bulbs and tubers, which overgrow the culture during the growing season. Separation from the mother culture and planting in a separate container are carried out.
With the arrival of spring, healthy tubers are chosen, planted in a common pot. It is deepened by 1 cm, sprinkled on top with a 1 cm layer of earth. Until the tubers take root, it is required to maintain a temperature of + 8… + 11 ° C and periodically moisten the soil.
After a month, the temperature is increased.Before planting, the tubers are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Why does not it bloom
Among the reasons, they consider the absence of a rest period, depletion of oxalis. The culture will not bloom if fertilizer is applied in excess.
Oxalis is resistant to disease. However, excessive watering provokes root rot. The plant is reanimated by transplanting it into dried soil, pruning diseased plant areas, and reducing watering.
Water scarcity, land depletion cause the plant to wither. Drying of foliage gives rise to sunburn, dry air, inability to new conditions.
They resist parasites in 3 ways:
- mechanical: pests are harvested by hand;
- chemical: seedlings are treated with insecticides (Inta-Vir, Aktara);
- folk: spray the plants with laundry soap.
To get rid of the scabbard, the leaves are wiped with a napkin or toothbrush, which are moistened in a solution of soap or alcohol, and sprayed with Aktara.
The flower is washed with tap water, treated with Fitoverm, Aktellik.
It is required to wash the foliage with tobacco and soapy water, rinse with lukewarm water and treat the culture with Akarin.
Diseases are signaled by the following symptoms if acid is not properly cared for:
- Stopping growth. The temperature regime does not correspond. Rearrangement required.
- The appearance of gray rot. Reduce watering, spray with Fundazol.
- Closing the leaves in the middle of broad daylight. The rays of the sun are falling, the soil is dry. Water the bush, put it in another place.
- The death of the flower. Overflow and rotting of tubers are possible. The culture is dumped out of the container, intact tubers are selected and planted in fresh soil.
- Foliage spotting. To protect from burns, oxalis is placed in a shaded place.
- The formation of a green tint on the leaves. With a lack of light, another window is found for the pot, but not in direct sunlight.
- Suspension of flowering. Soil depletion, no dormant period. Transplantation into a new substrate will be required.
The dormant period at the acid
Certain varieties of kislitsa have a pronounced dormant period, requiring a maximum temperature of +14 ° C in winter.
During this period, the flower is rarely watered or not watered at all. Cessation of growth and drooping leaves indicate that the plant needs watering. Dumping foliage means that you need to stop watering until the oxalis wakes up. The acid is removed to a cool and dark room, where there are no temperature jumps (+14 ° C). New shoots signal the awakening of the plant, followed by the resumption of watering and return to the old place.
Oxalis flower is taken out to the garden in the spring and summer in order to decorate the landscape with potted plants.
In May, the garden sour cherry is planted in open ground, after a month or a month and a half, the culture will take root and begin to bloom. It is advisable to pick up the beds so that the direct light of the sun does not fall on the plant.
In October, the plant must be dug out - it will not tolerate frost. This refers to the Martian oxalis, a seasonal crop. The bulbs for the winter will have to be removed after the foliage dies, with the onset of spring, plant them again and admire the beauty.
When cultivating an amazing plant - sour cherry, care at home is not difficult. Delicate blooming almost all year round, she is not capricious about trifles, for a long time she pleases the owners of the house with her presence and delivers only positive emotions (love, happiness).