How indoor ivy or heder reproduces
Common ivy is a curling plant that is found in almost every garden and vegetable garden. Many medieval castles and houses are entwined with this unpretentious plant. He can change the landscape beyond recognition. Thickets of evergreen ivy give a very mysterious look to fences, trees, and grottoes. In terms of its physical and organoleptic properties, it very much resembles cyclamen (ivy-shaped flower).
What is this plant
In world history, many legends and myths are associated with this plant. The legend about Deonis says that as a baby he was protected by the suddenly appeared thickets of ivy from certain death. Proof of this is that he, being the god of winemaking, adorned himself with the leaves and shoots of this beautiful plant.
Wax ivy (hoya) is found in nature. It is very similar to a liana, and the name "wax" is associated with the special shine of the leaves. Hoya ivy is very common among amateur gardeners, as well as in the wild with a temperate climate.
So, having got acquainted with ivy, you can proceed to the methods of its reproduction.
How ivy reproduces
There are two ways to propagate ivy, or heder, as it is also called:
This type of reproduction is quite practical, because, according to botanists, it guarantees almost 100% of the result.
To do this, you need to do several procedures:
- Cut off the cuttings, plant in a prepared pot with soil. Particular attention should be paid to the quality of the land. It should be crumbly, free from debris and stones.
- Next, you need to prepare the soil in a separate container. You will need it later. It must be cleaned of debris, impurities, and also made loose and not dry. According to the advice of many summer residents, the best soil for ivy is deciduous soil with sand.
After all the above done, the cuttings should take root. Proper care and timely watering of the soil is also very important. Ivy propagation by cuttings is common among both experienced gardeners and novice amateurs.
Shoots, or how to grow ivy from a shoot
This type of breeding requires a little more effort. There is a chance that this method of transplantation will not be crowned with success, since this will require a little experience and dexterity. How to do it right:
- For transplanting, you will need a shoot that has about 10 leaves on its trunk.
- It is necessary to carefully press the shoot into the prepared sand so that only leaves are visible on the surface, and the shoot itself goes underground.
- After 10 days, roots should go from the buds from the leaves that are underground.
- A shoot should be dug out of the ground and cut so that each of the cuttings has a leaf and a root.
- Further planting occurs in the same way as with cuttings.
The third method is as practical and convenient as the first. It is called layering. To do this, proceed as follows:
- Choose the longest shoots.
- Make about three cuts on each. Then attach it to the ground with special botanical clothespins (this process is called rooting).
- Within a day, roots should appear at the cuts. After that, you should carefully separate the cuttings from each other and safely transplant in different places.
How to propagate indoor ivy
Ivy is a weather-resistant outdoor plant. He has a large number of brothers. One of them is indoor ivy. The plant is identical in all parameters and dimensions to common ivy. A branched stem with numerous leaves will decorate the window sill, easily turn the balcony into a jungle.
Indoor ivy: can I keep it at home?
The issue is controversial. It is very important to devote a lot of time to watering, replanting, and pruning the leaves. Then you can safely place it in pots and place it on the windowsills. The breeding methods are the same as for the street view.
Is it possible to buy ivy seeds
A large number of ivy varieties are found in botanical stores. The unpretentious forms that this graceful plant takes can be used to decorate walls, fences, as well as roofs and trees.
There are also differences in physical properties among the species. That is, this or that variety of ivy loves cool more and vice versa. Some thrive better in cool seasons, others in warm seasons. In addition, a certain type has a specific leaf shape: rounded, pointed, and also oval.
How to transplant ivy
The plant is transplanted in several cases:
- if roots sticking out of the pot become noticeable;
- if growth and development have stalled.
In addition, it is possible, without paying attention to all these factors, to transplant young shoots annually. For perennial shoots, it is enough just to change the top layer of soil in a pot to freshly prepared.
The most preferred time to plant a flower is spring, namely March-April. This is very important, since planting ivy in a pot correctly is not at all easy. The container should be about a couple of centimeters larger in size than the one previously used. Then it is necessary to pour an abundant amount of water onto the root soil to form a lump. Next, gently grab the stem and drag it into a new pot. Sprinkle with new earth, leaving a little space at the edges for drainage of water. The last step is to water the plant and spray the leaves and stem.
It is a great luck for the gardener to keep ivy in his garden. Just like geranium, this plant does not require any special care.
Ivy adapts easily to spring and autumn weather. Withstands from 7 ° C to 14 ° C. In summer, it requires more watering than in spring or autumn. In hot weather, you should spray ivy bushes more often. For the lifespan of the shoots and cuttings, the ends of the stems should be constantly pinched to the ground. This will ensure the growth of new shoots.
Mulching and soil care
In case of a special need for growing ivy, fertilizers are used: both organic and mineral. Mulching is used to keep the ivy healthy and the ground beneath it. To do this, it is added dropwise, and then covered with compost, as well as humus from leaves and sawdust.
Proper watering and timely irrigation of the land is very important for any plant, including ivy. This is especially necessary in hot as well as dry seasons. There are several types of watering:
- rain (natural), but not regular in summer;
- surface (normal from a hose);
- drip (spraying with a spray bottle).
A procedure that has a positive effect on the growth and development of the plant. Ivy pruning should be done in summer and fall. The procedure is carried out with ordinary garden shears. All dried leaves are cut off, as well as surplus sticking out in different directions and having a not very pleasant appearance.
Ivy pruning is done not only for the sake of appearance, but also to renew the stems. Thus, the plant is saturated with oxygen, which contributes to further successful growth. When the ivy is trimmed correctly, the garden area will look very neat and tidy. It is a pleasure to plant and propagate street ivy!
Although ivy is often found in nature, not everyone can take proper care of it. The owner of this amazing plant should carefully monitor watering, excess growth and soil, and then the plants will thank them with their beautiful branching appearance.